Dorsal plumage on adults is a metallic blue-black with a pale beige/russet breast, chin and bib. The long, deeply-forked tail feathers are a key feature to identify this species from other swallows. Males and females are similar in appearance, though males are more vibrantly colored and have longer outermost tail feathers (retrices), with white spots (lacking in females). Males with the longest outermost tail feathers tend to be more successful at securing mates and have higher survival rates. The only member of the genus Hirundo in BC, Canadian Breeding Bird Survey data suggests Barn Swallow have experienced a 2.9% annual decline over the past 30 years, a decline that has steepened in the last decade to 7.6% annually. 321
B.C. Conservation Data Centre. 2010. [Internet]. Species Summary: Hirundo rustica B.C. MoE.
COSEWIC. 2011. COSEWIC assessment and status report on the Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Ottawa. ix + 37 pp.Bird Studies Canada 2004. [Internet] Barn Swallows in Worrisome Decline.
Link, Russell. 2005. [Intnernet] Living with Wildlife – Barn Swallows and Cliff Swallows. Washington State Department of Fish and Wildlife
Møller, Anders Pape. 2002 Hirundo rustica.com. [Internet] [Updated July 26 2004] Barn Swallow Research. Laboratoire de Parasitologie Evolutive, Université Pierre et
Marie Curie, Paris, France
Polster, D. et al. 2006. [Internet] Develop with Care: Environmental Guidelines for Urban and Rural Land Development in British
Columbia. Prepared for the BC Ministry of Environment. Victoria (BC).
Wikipedia the Free Encyclopedia. 2010. [Internet] [Updated August 30 2010]. Barn Swallow.
First Edition prepared by: Pamela Zevit, RPBio for the South Coast Conservation Program (SCCP) in partnership with: International Forest Products (Interfor) and Capacity Forestry (CapFor). Original funding for this project was made possible through the Sustainable Forestry Initiative(SFI): http://www.sfiprogram.org/
Content updated by the Pamela Zevit April 2017
Every effort has been made to ensure content accuracy. Comments or corrections should be directed to the South Coast Conservation Program: firstname.lastname@example.org. Only images from “creative commons” sources (e.g. Wikipedia, Flickr, U.S. Government) can be used without permission and for non-commercial purposes only. All other images have been contributed for use by the SCCP and its partners/funders only.
Part of the National Conservation Plan, this project was undertaken with the financial support of the Government of Canada. Dans le cadre du Plan de Conservation National, ce projet a été réalisé avec l'appui financier du Gouvernement du Canada.