Wingspan: 2.3-2.7 cm. Skippers tend to have large, dark eyes relative to the size of the head, stout bodies and short antennae, often with hooked antennae “clubs” (tips). The probiscis (tubular feeding appendage), is long when uncurled. Males have a black, amber-haloed patch of pheromone producing scales (“stigma”) on the chocolate coloured fore wings. Females have small, white, inconspicuous spots on both the fore wing and upper side of the hind wing. The undersides of the hind wings have a pale purplish crescent. Males locate receptive females by perching on lower growing plants such as grasses and sedges. Eggs are laid singly on host plants and are pale green, globular and smooth when laid but change to a reddish colour before hatching. Early and late phase “instars” (developmental stage of larvae between molts) are soft green with numerous thin, white or light coloured horizontal lines running from the head to the rear feet. The head is white with dark vertical stripes. Larvae curl or bind leaves to create shelters while feeding as well as for sleeping and overwintering.