Facilitating the protection and restoration of species and ecosystems at risk on BC’s South Coast
A number of guidelines and best practices have been developed in BC as well as nationally or internationally for the conservation and recovery for species at risk, rare plants and ecosystems. Not all of these methods or techniques are tied to regulatory requirements but they are based on the best available science on species at risk, protecting their critical habitat needs or maintaining the ecological integrity of local landscapes. The SCCP has gathered the best of BC and beyond that provide relevant applications to South Coast species and ecosystems, or represent transferrable approaches and applications from other jurisdictions. The SCCP has been given special permission to host some of the materials which have been produced by regulatory agencies in BC, but have yet to be published through government sites. And don't forget to check out the SCCP's own made-for-the-South Coast land use resources and guidance tools found on our pages for Local Governments and Landowners and Restoration Toolkit.
For the most up to date information regarding guidelines and regulatory requirements, please contact the relevant ministries/staff with the Province of BC, Environment & Climate Change Canada or the Department of Fisheries & Oceans Canada. Further information can be found on our contact page.
Spotlight on the South Coast and BC
Best management practices are guidelines that help development projects meet necessary legislation, regulations and policies. For example, legislation might dictate that projects cannot harm a stream, while best management practices provide practical methods to avoid harming a stream. Developers and other professionals can rely on best management practices to help improve operations because they're based on science and they’ve been proven to work. They also help developers act as environmental stewards – completing projects on land or water in a way that doesn’t interfere with living resources and their habitats.
Resources include: Develop with Care 2014 Environmental Guidelines for Urban and Rural Land Development, Develop With Care Species factsheets, Develop With Care Special Guidelines, Best Management Practices for Amphibian and Reptile Salvages in British Columbia, Wildlife Guidelines for Backcountry Tourism/Commercial, Best Management Practices for Bats in British Columbia, Guidelines for Translocation of Plant Species at Risk in British Columbia, Wetland Ways: Interim Guidelines for Wetland Protection and Conservation in British Columbia, Standards and Best Management Practices for Instream Works.
Best Management Practices Guidelines for Pacific Water Shrew in Urban & Rural Areas (2010): The Ministry of Environment, with the Pacific Water Shrew Recovery Team, has developed this document to provide planners, developers, and consultants with information about the Pacific Water Shrew (Sorex bendirii), and guidelines on how to include Pacific Water Shrew in environmental assessments. This document suggests actions that municipalities, regional districts and developers can take to ensure the recovery of Pacific Water Shrew, and use of these guidelines demonstrates due diligence towards species protection and recovery. See also Habitat Suitability Modelling for Pacific Water Shrew v.2 Draft and Species Account & Preliminary Habitat Ratings for Pacific Water Shrew (Sorex bendirii) using SHIM Data V.2 Draft. *Available only through the SCCP website
Oregon Forestsnail Best Management Practices Guidebook (April 2018*): This document provides information on management measures that will benefit the endangered Oregon Forestsnail (Allogona townsendiana) and associated native terrestrial gastropod fauna (slugs and land snails) found within moist deciduous and mixed-wood forest stands fo southwest BC. *Available only through the SCCP website, anticipated to be updated annually.
Farming With Barn Owls In BC - Best Practices for Land Management: Found on the South Coast with the odd occurrence on southeast Vancouver Island, Barn Owl populations are declining, mainly as result of reduced food abundance caused by the conversion of grass habitats to urban uses, changes in agricultural practices, loss of nest sites as old barns are demolished and road mortality. Am emerging threat are new, powerful rodenticides used in pest control, which may not directly kill animals that prey on contaminated rodents, but can accumulate in a predators internal organs leading to "sublethal" effects. This new best practices pamphlet was developed by biologist Sofi Hindmarch as a resource on the conservation of this threatened species in BC.
Science-Based Guidelines for Managing Northern Goshawk Breeding Areas in Coastal British Columbia: These guidelines were previously unavailable or inconsistent and did not provide a thorough review of the scientific literature. The best management practices presented here are intended for use by qualified environmental professonals and managers when undertaking industrial activities, primarily forestry, around Northern Goshawk breeding areas within coastal British Columbia.
Guidance on Coastal Tailed Frog Monitoring of Run-of-River Hydropower Projects (2014): The Province of BC has been implementing a collaborative study to monitor tailed frog tadpoles and habitat conditions at several facilities in the South Coast, using a Before-After-Control-Impact (BACI) design to assess if hydropower construction or operation affects tadpole survival, distribution, or abundance. This document summarizes the project study design and field sampling methods, as well as the first year of data collection in 2013. These are the most up-to-date BC tailed frog recommendations to Run-of-River Hydropower proponents regarding development of Long-Term Monitoring Plans, as per Water License conditions. See also DRAFT Power Analysis for Coastal Tailed Frog Monitoring of Run-of-River Hydropower Projects.
Best Management Practices for Drainage Maintenance Works in Oregon Spotted Frog Habitat (2010): The Oregon Spotted Frog Recovery Team recognizes that drainage maintenance works on active farmland areas are necessary to reduce ﬂooding and crop damage, and is committed to working with municipalities to ensure that channel maintenance works in known and suspected Oregon Spotted Frog habitats are as eﬃcient and harmless as possible. This is a living document that may change based on the availability of new information regarding frog habitat requirements, drainage needs and maintenance techniques. See also Standards and Best Practices for Instream Works (2004)
Testing the use and feasibility of using Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) to survey and monitor for amphibian egg laying: A technical guide for the use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV, drone) for wildlife research. Developed for the Oregon Spotted Frog Recovery Team, this document introduces biologists to the legislative, logistic and technical aspects of using a DJI Phantom Vision drone for amphibian egg mass surveys.
Safe Frogwatching Protocols: Chytrid fungi are widespread in the environment where they act as decomposers of keratin, chitin, cellulose, and other plant material.Since amphibian chytrid (Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis = Bd) was described in 1999, it has been spread to many amphibian populations around the world, including Canada and BC, affecting common and at risk species and having profound effects on amphibian health. While Bd is probably moved naturally from one water body to another on dispersing amphibians, or on waterbirds and flying insects, it is important to insure that the public and researchers are not spreading Bd between sites as part of stewardship activities, research ormonitoring programs.
Habitat Management Guidelines for Amphibians and Reptiles of the Northwestern United States and Western Canada: Developed by the Partners in Amphibiam and Reptile Conservation (Northwest Chapter), these guidelines were developed a series of regionally-specific best management practices, or Habitat Management Guidelines (HMGs) to provide proactive guidance for improving the compatibility of approachland management practices with these animals.
A Guide to Multi-Species Restoration on the South Coast of BC: A discussion and case stuy guide on taking a multi-species approach to species at risk habitat restoration. Developed by K. Welstead, Province of BC.
Stewardship Centre for BC Stewardship Practices for Species at Risk: The Stewardship Practices project documents on-the-ground practices that have been used in riparian areas to address threats to wildlife and species at risk.
Approved Work Practices for Managing Riparian Vegetation: A Guide to Incorporating Riparian Environmental Concerns into the Management of Vegetation in BC Hydro’s Transmission and Distribution Corridors
Looking for animal care and wildlife guidelines for reducing conflicts, handling, inventorying or research on various species of wildlife? Check out the following sites:
American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists (amphibians, reptiles and fisheries)
For a further selection of BMPs and guidelines from outside of BC, Canada or North America, check out our picks below!